“Black Light Series #11: US America Black” (1969) by Faith Ringgold


ACA GALLERIES is showing for the first time at The Armory Show and the storied dealer has dedicated its entire booth to Faith Ringgold. There are three paintings from her Black Light Series (1967-69) on display, graphic political prints from the early 1970s, figurative sculptures made in 1978, story quilts including “Change 2” (1988) and “Tar Beach #2” (1990), and paintings on fabric from 2010 called tankas that feature portraits of Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, and Martin Luther King Jr.

“We decided to really show people what she’s been doing every decade,” said Dorian Bergen, the president of ACA, who works directly with Ringgold.

“Faith Ringgold: Change” is on view in the Focus section of the New York City art fair where a selection of galleries has been invited to mount one- and two-artists shows. Organized by Lauryn Haynes, curator of contemporary art at the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, 29 galleries are participating in the Focus section this year, showing works that “explore identity through figuration of both real and imagined forms.”

Last fall, ACA presented works by Ringgold at Frieze London. The wider selection showcased in New York amounts to a mini survey with nearly 20 works for sale. Bergen said prices for the works are wide ranging: prints ($2,000), tankas ($250,000), story quilts ($450,000-$500,000), and paintings (in the millions).

Established in 1932, ACA is recognized for its progressive program. Since its founding, the gallery has supported American artists from a variety of backgrounds, including African American artists such as Romare Bearden, Jacob Lawrence, Charles White and Richard Mayhew, when few other galleries were willing to do so. Ringgold has been represented by ACA since 1995.


Installation view, “Faith Ringgold: Change,” ACA Galleries, The Armory Show 2019, New York, N.Y. | Courtesy ACA Galleries


STORYTELLING IS A THE CENTER of Ringgold’s practice. For more than 50 years, she’s been making art that documents the American narrative. She’s explored segregation and the Civil Rights Movement, considered black pride and the politics of skin color, and reflected on her personal experiences—sharing how it felt to be a black woman in the 1960s and the decades hence.

More recent works on display at the Armory Show are particularly personal. Her Coming to Jones Road series is realized in two mediums: story quilts visually defined by fields of trees and tankas centered around portraits of social justice pioneers. The title for the series derives from the name of the street she lives on in Englewood, N.J. When she moved there in the early 1990s she was met with resistance.

In her artist statement, Ringgold writes, “…our white neighbors (unsuccessfully) sought to deny us the freedom to live there. Freedom, you know, is not free—It took me six years to realize my dream of a beautiful studio surrounded by a beautiful garden.”

Bergen said it was a difficult situation. “Her neighbors did not want her on Jones Road. And you know why,” she said. “And they brought her to court and it was very distressful and very disturbing. So she created a whole body of work called Coming to Jones Road. But you wouldn’t even know it’s about the slaves going from the South to the North. You look at it and it looks beautiful and insightful. If you don’t know the story. You would never guess.”


FAITH RINGGOLD, “Coming to Jones Road #4: Under A Blood Red Sky,” 2000 (story quilt: acrylic on canvas with fabric borders, 78 1/2 x 52 1/2 inches). | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


RINGGOLD MADE HER FIRST STORY QUILT because she couldn’t get her autobiography published. She responded to the disappointment by inserting her storytelling directly into her work. Among the story quilts exhibited at The Armory Show, “Change 2” documents the artist’s 100 pound weight loss. “Tar Beach #2” is a version of her most well-known quilt which captures a Harlem rooftop at night with her young subject dreaming about flying over the George Washington Bridge. The image is about freedom and fantasy.

“It was getting so frustrating for her because she had a lot to say,” Bergen said. “She wrote her autobiography and nobody was interested in it. So she started to write her story on her work and then she just took it from there and then she became a story writer.”

In 1995, Ringgold finally published her autobiography. Her “Tar Beach” quilt inspired a children’s book and the artist has authored and illustrated more than a dozen additional volumes for children.

Ringgold’s “Black Light Series #11: US America Black” is also on view in ACA’s booth. She envisions the “Black is Beautiful” mantra and movement in the 1969 painting. The work features nine faces depicted in varying skin tones in a geometric composition.

“US America Black” was among the works included “American People, Black Light: Faith Ringgold’s Paintings of the 1960s” (2010-13), the traveling exhibition that focused on the artist’s American People (1963-67) and Black Light (1967-70) series. The show re-introduced Ringgold, who had become known for her 1980s story quilts. The content in the 1960s paintings resonated and reminded the art world of the strength of her early painting practice.

Bergen said curators knew about three paintings from the American People series—”Die”; “Flag for the Moon: Die Nigger”; and “The Flag is Bleeding”—and over the years had requested them for shows. Seeing the full body of work from the 1960s, however, was a revelation.


FAITH RINGGOLD, “Tar Beach #2,” 1990 (silkscreen, 63 x 65 inches). | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


INTEREST IN RINGGOLD’S WORK has been reliably “steady and upward” over the years, Bergen said. In the past five or so years in the wake of the traveling exhibition, attention has grown. The uptick parallels a broader focus on African American artists among collectors, curators, scholars, and dealers.

Significant acquisitions have been made by important institutions. In 2014, Harvard Art Museums acquired Ringgold’s “Black Light Series #8: Red White Blue Nigger.” In 2016, “American People Series #20: Die” (1967) was brought into the collection of the Museum of Modern Art. “Black Light Series #10: Flag for the Moon: Die Nigger” (1969) and “Black Light Series #12: Party Time” (1969) have been added to the collection of Glenstone, the private museum in Potomac, Md.

Ringgold’s work appears in major traveling exhibitions that place her work in the context of a wide spectrum of artists around cultural and political issues ranging from black female subjectivity to the Vietnam War. These shows include “We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women, 1965–85” “Posing Modernity: The Black Model from Manet and Matisse to Bearden and Beyond,” which is headed to the Musée d’Orsay in Paris, and “Soul of a Nation: Art in the Age of Black Power,” which opens at The Broad museum in Los Angeles March 23. “Artists Respond: American Art and the Vietnam War, 1965-1975” debuts March 15 at the Smithsonian’s American Art Museum.

Sugar Hill Songbook: Select Work by Faith Ringgold is currently on view at the Sugar Hill Children’s Museum of Art and Storytelling in Harlem. Following her first European solo exhibition at Pippy Houldsworth Gallery in London last year, Ringgold’s first solo exhibition in a European public institution opens June 6 at Serpentine Galleries in London.

At The Armory Show, Bergen remains steadfast in her longstanding approach to representing Ringgold. “The most important thing for us is to build her career,” she said. “We’re focusing more on that than actually selling work.” CT


TOP IMAGE: FAITH RINGGOLD, “Black Light Series #11: US America Black,” 1969 (oil on canvas, 60 x 84 inches). | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


FIND MORE about the techniques and materials Faith Ringgold uses to make her story quilts


A new book from the Museum of Modern Art, “Faith Ringgold: Die (One on One),” considers the artist’s painting “American People Series #20: Die” (1967). “American People, Black Light: Faith Ringgold’s Paintings of the 1960s” coincided with her traveling exhibition. Faith Ringgold’s early activism is documented in Susan E. Cahan’s book, “Mounting Frustration: The Art Museum in the Age of Black Power.” Her work is also featured in the catalogs for two sweeping exhibitions documenting the experiences of black women artists (We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women, 1965–85: “Sourcebook” and “New Perspectives”), and the wide variety of ways African American artists expressed themselves in the 1960s and 70s (“Soul of a Nation: Art in the Age of Black Power”). In addition, “We Flew over the Bridge: The Memoirs of Faith Ringgold,” her autobiography, Ringgold has published many books for children.


Installation view, “Faith Ringgold: Change,” ACA Galleries, The Armory Show 2019, New York, N.Y. | Courtesy ACA Galleries


FAITH RINGGOLD, “Black Light Series #2: Man,” 1967 (oil on canvas, 30 1/16 x 24 1/8 inches). | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


FAITH RINGGOLD, “Peoples Flag Show Poster,” 1971 (offset print, 18 x 24 inches). | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


FAITH RINGGOLD, “United States of Attica,” 1972 (offset poster, 21 3/4 x 27 3/4 inches). | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


FAITH RINGGOLD, “Coming to Jones Road Tanka #3 Martin Luther King,” 2010 (acrylic on canvas with pieced fabric border, 65 x 43 inches). | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


FAITH RINGGOLD, “Coming to Jones Road Tanka #2 Sojourner Truth,” 2010 (acrylic on canvas, 65 x 44 inches).| © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


FAITH RINGGOLD, “The Judson 3,” 1970 (silkscreen, 18 x 24 inches) Edition 0/5. | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


FAITH RINGGOLD, “America Free Angela,” 1971 (offset print, 28 1/2 x 19 1/2 inches). | © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


FAITH RINGGOLD, “Change 2: Faith Ringgold’s Over 100 Pound Weight Loss Performance Story Quilt,” 1988 (acrylic on canvas; photo lithography on silk and cotton pieced fabric, 62 x 62 inches).| © Faith Ringgold, Courtesy ACA Galleries


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